We track the events that have led to a standoff between Yahya Jammeh and regional neighbours.
The 51-year-old won an election seven weeks ago and was initially set to become president of The Gambia in a peaceful handover of power this week.
The recent resignation of Jammeh’s information minister is seen as a sign of his regime weakening.
While tensions escalate and Gambians flee to neighbouring Senegal, President Yahya Jammeh has secured another three months in office.
In a televised address, The Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh denounced the 'unprecedented foreign interference' in the country's internal affairs.
The Gambia's top judge said that he could not hear President Yahya Jammeh's inauguration challenge, recusing himself from the hearing.
With Adama Barrow due to be sworn in on January 19, the Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh insists the legal route is the only "peaceful resolution".
West African leaders are actively engaged in trying to resolve a crisis triggered by Yahya Jammeh’s refusal to accept his defeat at the polls
Regional talks to make incumbent Jammeh step down have been unsuccessful.
A new president brings the promise of an end to repression and freeing up development aid, frozen because of human rights concerns.
EU observers were barred and activists accused President Yahya Jammeh Jammeh of trying to 'control any sort of information sharing'.
Any longer-term threat to President Yahya Jammeh - though immediately improbable - is likely to come from within the ruling elite.
Solo Sandengdied was arrested and detained on Thursday by riot police
Citizens are still allowed to follow any faith they choose and no dress code will be imposed.
Brain drain in Africa: Burundi least able to retain its top talent, Rwanda, Kenya top and Jammeh’s Gambia surprises
The pursuit of opportunities outside one's country is a feature of working life, but some countries seem to do it better than others.
Gambia's Jammeh expels European Union diplomat, asks ICC to investigate death of African migrants at sea
Jammeh has flip-flopped on the issue of migrants, saying they were not good Muslims, then offering Muslim boat people in South East Asia sanctuary.
Users of social media in Africa are likely to be young, so those arrested for “digital crimes” are often barely out of their teens.
More than 5,000 migrants, many from the country and its neighbours, have died in the past 18 months trying to cross into Europe.
As The Gambia marks its 50th birthday, here are 10 really fascinating things you didn't know about this river nation
Marbles, chimps, rivers..and Africa's first DNA bank, there's so much more to know.