West African leaders hold crisis talks as Gambia leader's mandate ends

Nigeria and Ghana committed troops and aircraft to the buildup that’s centered in Senegal, which surrounds Gambia on three sides.

Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz flew to Senegal to meet with President Macky Sall after last-ditch talks in Gambia aimed at resolving a crisis over the transfer of power, a Senegalese presidential source told Reuters on Thursday.

Aziz left Gambia shortly before midnight, when Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh’s presidential mandate expired.

Senegal, with backing from leaders in the region, has threatened to invade Gambia to depose Jammeh if he does not immediately hand over power to challenger Adama Barrow, who beat him in an election in early December.

After the talks, Aziz’s plane left Dakar at about 1.45 am GMT, a Reuters witness saw. Aziz had been talking with Barrow and Sall at the airport in Dakar. About 30 vehicles with tinted windows then sped away from where the talks took place.

The Gambian capital Banjul, a city of tourist hotels and sleepy streets shaded by mango trees, was silent apart from the occasional military helicopter buzzing overhead.

Facing almost total diplomatic isolation, a government that has all but collapsed from defections and the looming threat of a military intervention by his neighbours, it was unclear what might be Jammeh’s next move.

“It is absurd,” Barrow’s spokesman said in a press conference on Wednesday. “The clear position is that the president-elect should assume office on the 19th”.

But Jammeh, who took power in a 1994 coup and later vowed to rule for “a billion years”, has so far ignored calls by world powers and regional leaders to step aside and avert a conflict.

He says the electoral commission was under the influence of “foreign forces,” and has challenged the result in a court - which however currently has no judges to preside over it.

The African Union and West African regional body Ecowas have both said that as of Thursday they only recognise Barrow as Gambia’s president.

Barrow was due to be sworn in later on Thursday, but plans to do so at the national stadium could not go ahead. Barrow’s spokesman Halifa Sallah said he would be sworn in an undisclosed location.

Hours before the deadline for him to hand over, the Senegalese army said it had amassed troops at the border, ready to cross into its smaller neighbour, which it engulfs on all sides, if Jammeh fails to leave power.

Gambians celebrated in the streets when Jammeh conceded electoral defeat to Barrow, a real estate developer who once worked as a security guard at an Argos store in London.

But a week later, the president changed his mind, triggering international condemnation and threats of force.

It was the latest in a long line of eccentricities from a leader who had said only Allah can remove him from office, claimed to have a herbal cure for AIDS that only works on Thursdays and threatened to slit the throats of homosexuals.

The regional states decided to take the action after Jammeh declared a 90-day state of emergency late Tuesday. The African Union has said it will no longer recognise Jammeh as president as of Thursday.

“The regional body Ecowas has reiterated its determination to take all necessary measures to ensure the transfer of power to President-elect Barrow,” Farhan Haq, the deputy spokesman for the UN Secretary-General, said in a statement. “The UN supports regional efforts aimed at resolving the crisis.”

The Nigerian Air Force said on its Facebook page that it’s deploying 200 men, fighter jets, transport aircraft and a helicopter to Senegal, which surrounds Gambia on three sides, for the operation. Ghana sent more than 200 troops to bolster the intervention force, presidential spokesman Eugene Arhin said in an e-mailed statement.

Jammeh has been criticized by human rights groups for jailing opponents and cracking down on journalists. Gambia, a nation of fewer than 2 million people, depends on tourism for the bulk of its revenue.

The US Embassy closed all non-emergency services on Wednesday and will remain shut on Thursday.

Ecowas previously sent 600 troops to Guinea-Bissau following a coup in April 2012. The soldiers are due to be withdrawn this year.

The regional group also sent soldiers to Ivory Coast in 2002, when a failed coup split the country into a rebel north and a government-run south. The troops were deployed to patrol the dividing line between the warring parties and were later redeployed as UN troops.


blog comments powered by Disqus