UPDATE: Two burned alive in Zambia anti-foreigner riots targeting mostly Rwanda, 1,000 police deployed

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Rwandans, many of whom are former refugees, sought protection at police stations around Lusaka

AT least two people have been burned to death in Zambia during riots targeting Rwandan-owned shops over allegations that foreigners were behind a string of ritual killings, police said Wednesday.

Looting started Monday in a densely populated low-income area in the west of the city of 2.5 million after crowds accused a Rwandan shop-owner of being involved in suspected ritual murders that took place nearby since last month.

They quickly spread to nearby poor neighbourhoods where grocery stores owned mainly by Rwandans were ransacked. By Tuesday, riots erupted in slums across the city. Some shopts owned by Zambians were also among the more than 60 that have been attacked.

Hundreds of residents stoned houses and shops owned by foreign nationals, mostly Rwandans, with some seeking refuge at police stations as looters took food, drinks, refrigerators and other electrical appliances. 

“The official number of people who have died from the time the looting started is two. These are the ones who were burned to death on April  18, 2016 in Kanyama,” police spokeswoman Charity Chanda said in a statement. 

Police said 62 shops had been looted, but they were unable to confirm the nationality of Monday’s victims, who were burned with firewood and vehicle tyres. Home Affairs Minister Davies Mwila has blamed the riots on false allegations that a suspected ritual killer of foreign nationality had been released from police custody. He said that more than 200 people had been arrested. 

“Elements in Lusaka with criminal intent took advantage of the pain and grief we all felt over the suspected ritual killings,” Mwila said in a television address on Monday evening. 

Several thousand refugees from Rwanda, which was embroiled in genocide in 1994, live in Lusaka. They run many of the shops in the affected parts of the city, and residents have accused them of using the body parts for witchcraft. No rioting was reported overnight or on Wednesday morning, with police reinforcements on street patrol in trouble-hit areas.

Echoes of South Africa attacks

The government deployed more than 1,000 police officers in Lusaka to subdue the riots.
“They are slowly dying down; we can’t say they’ve died out,” police spokeswoman Charity Munganga-Chanda said by phone Wednesday. “When we receive a report we move in.”

In South Africa last year, mobs in Johannesburg and in the port city of Durban targeted migrants, ransacking their homes and burning shops.

At least seven people died and thousands were displaced, with citizens from Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique among those affected.

The ruling Patriotic Front party said on Tuesday that as many as five people may have died in the riots. 

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